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Antibiotics


Antibiotics


Antibiotics – Powerful Medications against Numerous Disorders

Generally, antibiotics belong to a group of anti-infectious medications that are potent to eliminate the symptoms of different diseases, caused by germs (multiple parasites and bacteria). Antibiotics can also be called antimicrobials and antibacterials due to the action they produce.

The pharmaceuticals can be taken either orally in the form of tablets, capsules, liquids or given by injection. As a rule, minor infections are improved with oral antibiotics, while more severe conditions are treated in the hospital with injectable medications. Additionally, antibiotics are also offered in the form of lotions, creams and ointments for external use to treat a range of skin infections.

Types of Antibiotics Available

Antibiotics as powerful treatments are available in different types, forms and shapes. All the medications are classified into numerous groups according to the action they produce on the condition and their impact on the organism. Every antibiotic type can kill only certain bacteria or parasites. The most frequently used antibiotic types include:

  • Clindamycin; 
  • Aminoglycosides;
  • Quinolones;
  • Penicillins;
  • Macrolides;   
  • Cephalosporins;        
  • Tinidazole;     
  • Sulfonamides;
  • Tetracyclines;
  • Metronidazole.

Apart from the mentioned antibiotics, your doctor may prescribe other medications to treat more uncommon infections. Consult your healthcare provider before the use of any antibiotics to eliminate possible risks of side effects and other complications.

Way Antibiotics Work

Keep in mind that antibiotics work only against infectious diseases caused by parasites and bacteria. Conditions provoked by the virus or fungi cannot be improved with any antibiotic.

To opt for a proper antibiotic one should understand its action and the way it impacts the organism. Thus, the vast majority of antibiotics are aimed at killing germs.

The active ingredients of the treatment interfere with the cell wall structure of parasite or bacterium destroying it and preventing it from further expansion. However, there is another class of antibiotics that do not kill bacteria, thought they stop the process of their multiplication. That is why antibiotics are considered to be top effective and safe medications to fight germs.

Possible Side Effects

While antibiotics are promised to produce a drastic impact on the organism and remain completely safe, many patients experience devastating side effects and complications. There are multiple reasons of the problem, with the main ones being antibiotics overuse and misuse. While the information about each medication and its side effects is mentioned in the safety guide to the drug, the most frequently occurring side effects caused by antibiotics include:

  • Diarrhea;
  • Nausea;
  • Stomach disorders;
  • Soft stools;
  • Allergic reactions, etc.

Consult your doctor if the symptoms become bothersome and your health condition aggravates. Seek emergency medical help in case of the medication overuse.

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