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Prednisone


Generic Name: prednisone (PRED ni sone)
Brand Names: Rayos, Sterapred


Most Common Uses of Prednisone

Nowadays, Prednisone is taken by many patients who want to manage their inflammatory ailments if their immune system plays a huge role. This means that this medicine is taken to treat a range of health conditions, so that you need to learn more about that in detail.

Range of Possible Uses

There are many doctors who prescribe Prednisone to treat the following diseases:

  • Arthritis types;
  • Systemiclupus;
  • Asthma;
  • Ulcers;
  • Allergicreactions;
  • Serious psoriasis;
  • Lymphoma;
  • Leukemia and much more.

Sometimes, this popular medication is taken as an effective replacement therapy in those patients whose adrenal glands can’t produce enough cortisol. It’s available as oral solutions and syrups, standard and extended-release tablets that come in different strengths from 1 mg to 50 mg.

How Prednisone Functions

Prednisone is a man-made oral steroid taken by people to suppress inflammation and the immune system. It works by mimicking the functions of cortisol, and it’s often taken because of its powerful anti-inflammatory effects. The most important thing is that it remains inactive in the body, so that it must be converted by enzymes in your liver into prednisolone. That’s why this medicine may not work well for those patients who have specific liver complications.

Possible Side Effects

If you want to find out more about them, keep in mind that they may range from mild to serious and they occur more often when it comes to higher doses and longer treatments. The most commonadverseeffectsinclude:

  • Sudden weight gain;
  • Hypertension;
  • Headaches;
  • Muscleweakness;
  • Retention of fluids and salt;
  • Loss of potassium;
  • Growth of facial hair;
  • Easy bruising and thinning;
  • Impairedinjury healing;
  • Ulcers;
  • Irregularmenses;
  • Convulsions.

Recommended Doses

Before you start taking Prednisone, it’s important to get a better understanding of the right dosage. Its initial doses vary based on a particular condition, your age and other vital factors. Your starting dosage may vary from 5 mg to 60 mg taken on a daily basis, and it should be adjusted based on your individual response. Take into account that such drugs usually don’t produce any immediate effects, so that you need to take them at least for a few days to see positive results. However, prolonged treatment may cause adrenal glands to atrophy and stop the natural production of cortisol.

Risky Drug Interactions

Unfortunately, Prednisone interacts with a range of other medications, and you should be quite careful. Make a list of those meds that you’re currently taking and show it to your doctor. For instance, this medication may interact with pills that decrease potassium levels, warfarin and other blood thinners, diabetic medications, certain antibiotics, NSAIDs, barbiturates, rifampin and others. You need to read the label carefully and stick to the instructions given by your physician to avoid possible risks and unwanted reactions.